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Boycott Drive Put Israel on a Blacklist. Now Israel Has One of Its Own.

Also on the list are other American groups like the Quakers’ American Friends Service Committee, the feminist group Code Pink and the United States Campaign for Palestinian Rights. Organizations in Chile, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Norway, Sweden and South Africa are also named.

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Palestinians crossing the Qalandiya checkpoint of the separation barrier between Israel and the West Bank. Credit Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

“These people are trying to exploit the law and our hospitality to act against Israel and to defame the country,” Interior Minister Aryeh Deri, who is responsible for enforcing the ban, told Ha’aretz.

Spokesmen for the two ministries did not respond to requests for interviews.

Rebecca Vilkomerson, who heads Jewish Voice for Peace, which embraced the boycott movement in 2005, called the blacklist an effort “to bully and intimidate us.”

“It’s emotional, and it’s hard,” said Ms. Vilkomerson, who lives in Brooklyn. “My husband was flying home from Israel yesterday. Both his parents are 80, he was born and raised there, we’re all close. It’s the sort of classic conundrum between political principle and personal impact. I really don’t know how it’s going to play itself out.”

Ms. Vilkomerson said that while the movement’s supporters outside Israel would be affected, the biggest victims could be Palestinians living in Israel under temporary permits, including spouses of Israelis who are citizens or hold permanent residency. Under the law, citizens and permanent residents cannot lose that status for supporting the movement, but those with temporary-stay permits could have them revoked, she said.

Last March, Israel amended its Entry Law to bar anyone who actively promotes a boycott of the country. In a statement, the Ministry of Strategic Affairs said the 20 groups named on Sunday had “undertaken ongoing, consistent and significant action to promote and advance a boycott of Israel.”

The ministry said the blacklist “explicitly excludes political criticism of Israel” as a criterion for inclusion on the list and was aimed at “central figures in key boycott organizations.”

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Gilad Erdan, the minister of strategic affairs, in 2016. Credit Tsafrir Abayov/Associated Press

Yousef Munayyer, the director of the Campaign for Palestinian Rights, called the group’s inclusion a “badge of honor.”

“When Israel, which aims to portray itself to the world as liberal and democratic, blacklists activists dedicated to nonviolent organizing and dissent, it only further exposes itself as a fraud,” he said.

The blacklist’s publication shed some light on a policy that has been shrouded in secrecy and confusion.

In July, five members of an interfaith delegation were kept off their Lufthansa flight to Israel from Dulles International Airport. The five, who included a rabbi and two other members of Jewish Voice for Peace, along with members of Presbyterian and Muslim groups, were told that the Israeli government had ordered the airline not to allow them to board.

A lawyer, Eitay Mack, pressed under public-records law for copies of Israel’s instructions to Lufthansa and other foreign companies or governments.

Mr. Mack said he believed that there may be more groups on the blacklist than the 20 named on Sunday, and that the government may also be compiling a blacklist of individuals to be barred from entry.

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Demonstrators with Jewish Voice for Peace at a protest in Chicago last month against President Trump’s decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. Credit Scott Olson/Getty Images

The law is being challenged on constitutional grounds, under Israel’s version of the Bill of Rights, its Basic Law on Human Dignity, adopted in 1992.

Shachar Ben Meir, a lawyer representing the plaintiff in that case, which will have its first hearing next month, said the amended Entry Law violated the Basic Law’s assurance of intellectual freedom and the freedoms of speech and conscience.

Israel and its allies are fighting the boycott movement on a number of fronts worldwide. Two years ago, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu budgeted more than $25 million annually to that fight, but little has been divulged about how the money is being spent. A report in Ha’aretz uncovered more than $1 million in government contracts with law firms in Europe and the United States to oppose the movement, but details were redacted on national-security grounds.

In the United States, the billionaire Sheldon Adelson is underwriting a variety of initiatives to fight the movement, including on college campuses, as polls show the Palestinian cause rapidly gaining support among young people while support for Israel is eroding.

Just how much economic damage is being done to Israel by the boycott movement is a matter of considerable debate.

Right-wing politicians and activists routinely speak of it as “economic terrorism,” but Dahlia Scheindlin, a liberal Israeli pollster, said her surveys showed that Israelis see few effects aside from the occasional celebrity canceling an appearance in Israel, as the singer Lorde did last month.

“So perhaps paradoxically, they also feel resilient — there’s a ‘no one can really hurt us’ attitude,” Ms. Scheindlin said. “So far, it’s not so much the boycott itself that feels like an existential threat, but what they’re demanding and who they are.”

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