The Assembly of First Nations says the current federal election is seeing a record number of Indigenous candidates — and First Nations voters could swing the vote in almost one in five ridings.
In an analysis to be released Thursday, the national Indigenous advocacy organization says there are at least 62 First Nations, Métis and Inuit candidates running.
That’s an increase over the 54 Indigenous candidates who ran in 2015, when a record-setting 10 were elected to Parliament.
National Chief Perry Bellegarde said the numbers show an important move toward increasing Indigenous engagement in the political process.
“Getting our people around decision making tables is key to bringing about better policy and legislative change in Canada,” Bellegarde said in an interview.
The candidacy figures are based on self-reported numbers from each of the major political parties and could be higher in cases where Indigenous candidates may be running as Independents, for example.
The New Democrats attracted the highest number of Indigenous candidates — 27. Eighteen Indigenous candidates are running for the Liberals and seven each for the Greens and Conservatives.
The Peoples Party of Canada does not record demographic measures for its candidates, but policy analysts found one Métis and one First Nations candidate based on the party’s postings, the assembly said.
The figure also includes former Liberal cabinet minister Jody Wilson-Raybould, who is running as an Independent in Vancouver-Granville.
Bellegarde said that seeing “role models” like Wilson-Raybould in positions of power is likely influencing other Indigenous candidates to join the race.
Swing vote districts
The assembly also identifies 63 “priority districts” where First Nations voters could swing the vote.
One of them is Conservative Leader Andrew Scheer’s riding of Regina Qu’Appelle. Scheer won the seat by 5,342 votes in 2015 and there are 6,815 eligible First Nations voters there, according to the 2016 census.
In the northern Saskatchewan riding of Desnethe-Missinippi-Churchill River, there are almost 23,000 eligible First Nations voters. The seat was won by New Democrat Georgina Jolibois with only 82 votes in 2015.
The assembly identifies priority districts as those where the eligible First Nations voting population is either larger than the margin of victory in the 2015 election or accounts for at least one per cent of the total of eligible voters and is within five per cent of the margin of victory.
The figures show that Indigenous voters could play a vital role in this election. Bellegarde said he encourages First Nations to embrace the concept of “dual citizenship.”
Bellegarde said he voted for the very first time in 2015 and he doesn’t feel any less Cree, or any less a member of the Little Black Bear First Nation of Saskatchewan, for exercising the right to vote in a Canadian election.
Indigenous voter turnout broke records in 2015, with a 14-percentage point increase for on-reserve voters to 61.5 per cent.
“I want to see that number go up because that’s the way you influence any future member of Parliament,” he said.
“First Nations issues and priorities are important, our voice matters, our priorities matter. We’re going to matter in this election because we vote now.”